Presbyterian Church (USA)

Presbyterian Church (USA)

Die Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) oder PC (USA) ist eine mainline protestantische Kirche in den Vereinigten Staaten.

Die Kirche gehört zu den Reformierten Kirchen des Protestantismus, deren Ursprung mit dem Reformator Johannes Calvin liegt. Presbyterianern führen ihre theologische Tradition von ihm über den schottischen Reformator John Knox und das Bekenntnis von Westminster fort. Von Großbritannien aus gelangte der Presbyterianismus in die USA.

Die Kirche ist die größte presbyterianische Kirche in den Vereinigten Staaten und entstand 1983 wieder durch die Fusion der früheren Presbyterian Church in the United States, der südlichen Zweig der US-amerikanischen Presbyterianer, und der United Preybyterian Church in the United States of America, der nördlichen Zweig, die vor dem US-Bürgerkrieg über das Thema der Sklaverei auseinander gegangen waren. Die PC (USA) hat gegenwärtig nach eigenen Angaben rund 2,4 Millionen Mitglieder und 14.000 Pastoren. Die Kirche ist Mitglied im Nationalen Kirchenrat der USA und in der Kirchengemeinschaft Churches Uniting in Christ.

Volle Abendmahlsgemeinschaft wurde mit der Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche in Amerika (ELCA), der Reformed Church in America in der Formula of Agreement vereinbart. Volle Abendmahlsgemeinschaft besteht ebenso mit der United Church of Christ, der Union Evangelischer Kirchen (UEK) in Deutschland und der Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) im Rahmen der ökumenischen Partnerschaft.

Die Frauenordination ist in der Presbyterian Church (USA) erlaubt. [1] Seit 2000 ist die Segnung gleichgeschlechtlicher Paare möglich.[2]

Literatur

  • The reunion of the old and newschool Presbyterian churches, von Charles Hodge. ISBN 1-4181-9680-0. Michigan Historical Reprint Series.
  • Thompson, E.T. Presbyterians in the South, 3 vols. Richmond, VA: John Knox
  • The Presbyterian Church Welcomes You, by Maynard Pittendreigh. ISBN 1-4107-1901-4
  • Presbyterian Historical Society Publications. [3].

Quelle

  1. http://www.pcusa.org/women/womens-ordination-dvd.htm
  2. http://www.wfn.org/2006/01/msg00291.html
  3. http://www.history.pcusa.org/pubs/publist.html

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